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Christ in the house of Martha and Mary is Diego Velazquez. C. 1618
Large figures in the foreground of this canvas, made around 1618, as well as a still life on the kitchen table are very characteristic of the style of early Velazquez; typical for the artist and the selected plot. Unusually, only a shift in the emphasis of the picture, namely, the figure of Christ in the chair, who is having a penetrating conversation with Mary and the other woman who are listening carefully to him, is in the background. This brightly lit scene, reflected in a mirror hanging on a dark kitchen wall, seems distant and like a dream, although both women are carefully watching it. The index finger of the old woman, as it were, draws the attention of the viewer to this scene. Marfa, a troublesome housewife, is watching intently. The gloomy expression of her face, apparently, is caused by the whispering of the old woman, awakening in her the envy of her sister, who, unlike Martha, is not deprived of the opportunity to listen to the sermon of Christ. (Envy was often personified in the form of an ugly old woman.)
MARFA. Martha is the sister of the friends of Christ, Mary Magdalene and Lazarus, an ordinary housewife. The Gospel of Luke describes how she welcomed Christ in her home and worked around the house to serve, while Mary listened to his speeches. When Martha rebuked Christ for not sending Mary to help her, he replied that Mary had chosen the best path. Martha is always portrayed either at work, or surrounded by kitchen utensils or with a bunch of keys. She, like her sister, worked diligently in the gospel of the faith of Christ. Once Martha, Maria and Lazarus set out on a raft without food, but safely landed near Marseilles. At that time, the fierce dragon terrorized the inhabitants of Tarascon, but Martha pacified the beast with the help of holy water and the cross.