Museums and Art

Jefferson Memorial Museum (Monticello Palace), USA

Jefferson Memorial Museum (Monticello Palace), USA

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Palace of Monticchiello, which was very well located in Virginia, today is perhaps the only building in the United States that is honored to be on the UNESCO list. The Palace itself has existed since 1923 and receives visitors, but already as a museum named after Thomas Jefferson (the third president of the United States). Jefferson lived in Monticello for 56 years, 35 of which he devoted to the construction, reconstruction and construction of his estate.

Future President Thomas Jefferson was born into the family of one of the largest tobacco plantation owners of the time, in the southern state of Virginia. When he was 21 years old, he inherited a large piece of land. Among all its fertile plantations, he directly inherited the hills of Monticello. The name of the hills can be translated from Italian as a small mountain. And it was here, in 1768, that Jefferson decided to build his mansion.

Initially, about 16 rooms were planned in the house, but subsequently it was decided to double their number. After the construction of the dwelling, Jefferson began to invite guests there, where he showed off his collection. It was a kind of unique library of Native American artifacts, a large collection of interesting European paintings, and, of course, just a huge variety of souvenirs.

However, Jefferson, in spite of his great inheritance, managed to leave huge debts to his relatives, as a result of which he made a will, according to which the Monticello palace had to be transferred to the state, so that it contained a school for all the children whose fathers were naval officers. In 1923, the palace was bought out by the foundation, which was named in honor of Thomas Jefferson, after which the building is opened for everyone, but already as a museum.

Even in our time, some of the exhibits here are still able to cause great surprise, for example, an apparatus for creating copies of documents, various rotating clocks made in the form of a sphere and a large number of unusual devices and things.

With all this, the details and style of the museum building are the most striking reflection of all kinds of personal ideals and emerging ideas of the president. Take, for example, the eastern wall of the building, which was equipped with a large watch dial, and for all that, these watches themselves have only one hour hand. But the thing is that the president was a supporter of only one clockwise, arguing that it would be enough to show the exact time for his employees of this huge estate.

Watch the video: Minecraft Monticello (May 2022).